How to Cultivate Self-Awareness (10 Tips)

Self-awareness means understanding who you are as an individual, including your personality, actions, values, beliefs, emotions, and thoughts. By developing a deeper understanding of yourself, you can make better decisions, improve your relationships, and increase your quality of life in general.

Related: Authenticity: How to Be Your Authentic Self (Examples & Strategies)
What Are Your Values? How to Discover Your Values
How to Live By Your Values.

Part 1Developing Both Types of Self-Awareness

Internal Self-Awareness

Internal self-awareness means recognizing your thoughts, emotions, strengths, and weaknesses. It is the ability to recognize the patterns that govern your behavior and understanding why you act in certain ways. To cultivate internal self-awareness:

  • Reflect on your experiences and emotions regularly. Take some time each day to think about and evaluate your actions, emotions, and personal values. Reflect on your behavior and why you acted in a certain way: what triggered your response?
  • Keep a journal to track your thoughts, emotions, and behavior patterns. This will help you identify areas where you want to make changes.
  • Seek feedback from those you trust. Discuss your perspectives with friends, family, or colleagues who know you well and can offer valuable insights into your behavior and patterns.

External Self-Awareness

External self-awareness means being aware of how others perceive you. It plays a significant role in building relationships and communicating effectively. To enhance your external self-awareness, try the following strategies:

Part 2Benefits of Self-Awareness

Understanding the importance of self-awareness can have a significant impact on your life. Let’s explore some of the benefits you can experience by cultivating a greater sense of self-awareness.

  1. Increased self-awareness can lead to increased confidence. When you have a clear understanding of who you are, your strengths, and your weaknesses, it’s much easier to navigate the world around you. This can enhance your ability to make decisions and foster a stronger sense of self-esteem.
  2. Being self-aware can improve your creativity as well. When you’re in tune with your thoughts and emotions, you’re better equipped to think outside the box and come up with innovative solutions to problems. It can also help you become a more effective communicator, which can be beneficial in both your personal and professional relationships.
  3. Developing self-awareness has been linked to better decision-making. By understanding your own biases, values, and thought processes, you’re more likely to make informed and rational choices. This can lead to increased success in many areas of your life.
  4. Another benefit of self-awareness is an improved ability to self-regulate and exert self-control. When you understand the expected social norms and behaviors, you’re more likely to internalize them and feel a sense of responsibility to adhere to them. This can also help you manage your emotions more effectively and respond to situations in an appropriate manner.
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Part 3How to Cultivate Self-Awareness

Cultivating self-awareness is a vital aspect of personal growth and development. By becoming more self-aware, you can improve your relationship with yourself and others. In this section, we’ll explore various techniques that can help you foster self-awareness in your life.

Mindfulness Techniques

Mindfulness is the practice of being fully present in the moment and aware of your thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations. By engaging in mindfulness techniques, you can develop greater self-awareness. Some effective mindfulness practices include:

  • Breathing exercises: Focus on your breath and observe how your body feels as you inhale and exhale.
  • Body scan meditation: Pay attention to each part of your body and notice any sensations, tension, or relaxation.
  • Mindful walking: Walk slowly and intentionally, while focusing on the sensation of your feet touching the ground.


Journaling can be an excellent tool for self-exploration and self-reflection. By writing down your thoughts, feelings, and experiences, you can gain new insights and understandings about yourself. Try to journal regularly and consider incorporating some of the following prompts:

  • Reflect on your core values. Do your actions align with your core values and priorities?
  • Reflect on challenges you faced and consider how you can overcome them in the future.
  • Describe your emotions throughout the day and identify any patterns.
  • Write about personal achievements and what you learned from them.
  • Take time to reflect and write down your triggers. With practice, you will be able to identify the patterns: what types of situations or behaviors of those around you tend to trigger your reactions.
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Seeking Feedback

It can be helpful to seek feedback from others to gain a better understanding of how you come across to those around you.

Consider asking trusted friends, family members, or colleagues for honest feedback about your strengths and areas for improvement. Make sure to ask them to explain your strengths in details: it is equally important to be aware of our strengths from a different perspective than our own. (Remember to ask open-ended questions).


Make time for regular self-reflection to analyze your actions, feelings, and behaviors. This practice can provide valuable insight into your self-awareness and help you understand your motivations, values, and goals. Consider setting aside a few minutes each day to ask yourself the following questions:

  • What went well today, and what could have gone better?
  • How did my actions align with my core values and priorities?
  • What can I learn from today’s experiences to improve tomorrow?

Part 4Common Obstacles to Self-Awareness

As you work on cultivating self-awareness, you may encounter various challenges that hinder your progress. Understanding these obstacles can help you overcome them and unlock your full potential for self-growth. Let’s delve into some common barriers to self-awareness:

1. Feeling Brain versus Thinking Brain

Our brain is divided into two parts: the Feeling Brain and the Thinking Brain. The Feeling Brain is responsible for emotions and instincts, while the Thinking Brain handles logic, reasoning, and planning. Balancing these two aspects of your brain is crucial for self-awareness.

You may struggle to be self-aware if you’re overly emotional or predominantly driven by logic.

2. Lack of Mindfulness

Being present in the moment is essential for cultivating self-awareness. If you’re constantly distracted by thoughts about the past or future, you won’t be able to connect with your inner self.

Practicing mindfulness can help you overcome this obstacle and redirect your focus towards your emotions, values, and beliefs.

3. Defensiveness

When confronted with criticism or negative feedback, it’s natural to become defensive. However, this can hinder your ability to learn from your mistakes and grow emotionally.

Try to view criticism as just another opinion (and a possible opportunity for self-improvement, if applicable), rather than as a personal attack.

4. Ignoring Physical Signals

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Your body communicates with you through physical sensations, such as fatigue, hunger, or tension. Ignoring these signals can impair your ability to identify and address your emotional needs.

Pay attention to your body’s cues and use them as a tool to enhance self-awareness.

5. Fear of Vulnerability

Opening up about your emotions and experiences can be intimidating, especially when it exposes your vulnerabilities. However, embracing your vulnerabilities is key to building self-awareness.

Allow yourself to explore your emotions without judgment, and don’t be afraid to share your feelings and thoughts with others when appropriate.

Part 5Your Self-Awareness Journey

Let’s summarize the key habits and practices that will help you further develop your self-awareness:

  1. Make a conscious effort to reflect on your daily experiences. Keep a journal where you can write about your thoughts, feelings, and actions. This will encourage a deeper understanding of yourself and your emotions. By doing this consistently, you’ll start to notice patterns and triggers that affect your well-being.
  2. Practice mindfulness on a regular basis. Mindfulness involves being present in the moment, paying attention to yourself and your surroundings. This skill can be developed through meditation or simply setting aside a few minutes each day to be present in the here and now. Mindfulness helps you better understand your thoughts and emotions, leading to greater self-awareness.
  3. Consider seeking feedback from trusted friends, family members, or colleagues. Getting an outside perspective can help shine a light on areas where you might not be fully self-aware. Be open to receiving constructive criticism, and use it to fuel your personal growth.
  4. Be patient with yourself. Developing self-awareness is an ongoing journey, and it’s natural to sometimes have setbacks or stumble. Remember that self-awareness is a skill that takes time and effort to cultivate.

Continue practicing and refining these habits so you can better understand yourself and lead a more fulfilling life.

See also:

Authenticity: How to Be Your Authentic Self (Examples & Strategies)

What Are Your Values? How to Discover Your Values

How to Live By Your Values

How to Build Confidence: A Comprehensive Guide

How to Build Rapport: Effective Techniques

How to Improve Key Communication Skills

Empathy: Definition, Types, and Tips for Effective Practice

How to Be Open-Minded and Why It Matters

Active Listening (Techniques, Examples, Tips)